Powered by Blogger.

Hand Book

Interesting Facts

1. The Titanic was the first ship to use the SOS signal

2. It cost 7 million dollars to build the Titanic and 200 million to make a film about it.

3. Laughing lowers levels of stress hormones and strengthens the immune system.

4. Six-year-olds laugh an average of 300 times a day.Adults only laugh 15 to 100 times a day.

5. In the middle ages, people would pin the name of their sweetheart to their sleeve on Valentine's Day and keep it there for a week, hence 'wearing their heart on their sleeve'.

6. It was during the Victorian era that the formerly nude Cupid was redesigned as wearing a skirt.

7. The human heart creates enough pressure while pumping to squirt blood 30 feet!!

8. February 1865 is the only month in recorded history not to have a full moon.

9. Tomato Ketchup was once used as medicine in the United States. Was sold as "Dr.Miles Compound Extract of Tomato"

10. When you blush, the lining of your stomach also turns red

11. Dating back to the 1600's, thermometers were filled with Brandy instead of mercury

12. The quartz crystal in your wristwatch vibrates 32,768 times a second

13. An earthquake on Dec. 16, 1811 caused parts of the Mississippi River to flow backwards.

14. Shoe sizes were standardized in Britain in 1885

15. The average person's eyes will be closed about 30 minutes a day due to blinking.

16. Women blink nearly twice as much as men.

17. Every day 200 million couples make love, 400,000 babies are born, and 140,000 people die.

18. There are at least 40 known carcinogens in cigarettes.

19. The earliest British expeditions tackling Everest wore tweed jackets, woolen underwear, and leather boots.

20. The amniotic fluid that surrounds a baby in the womb is completely replaced every three hours.

21. During World War II, twice as many fighter pilots were killed during training than combat

22. In 1962 an outbreak of contagious laughter in Tanganyika lasted for six months and caused schools to be closed

23. A nautical mile measures 6,080 feet while a land or statute mile is 5,280 feet

24. No one can drown in the Dead Sea. It is 25 percent salt, which makes the water very heavy

25. Plants watered with warm water grow larger and more quickly than plants watered with cold water

26. Earth’s oceans contain 7 1/2 million tons of gold, dissolved in the water

27. Children who are breastfed tend to have an I.Q. seven points higher than children who are not.

28. The bird flu virus could evolve into a form that is easily spread between people, resulting in a highly contagious and lethal disease.

29. The Chinese, in olden days, used marijuana only as a remedy for dysentery.

30. If you are right handed, you will tend to chew your food on the right side of your mouth. If you are left hander, you will tend to chew your food on the left side of your mouth.

31. To make half a kilo of honey, bees must collect nectar from over 2 million individual flowers

32. Heroin is the brand name of morphine once marketed by 'Bayer'.

33. Communications giant Nokia was founded in 1865 as a wood-pulp mill by Fredrik Idestam.

34. Tourists visiting Iceland should know that tipping at a restaurant is considered an insult!

35. People in nudist colonies play volleyball more than any other sport.

36. Albert Einstein was offered the presidency of Israel in 1952, but he declined.

37.Astronauts can't belch- there is no gravity to separate liquid from gas in their stomachs.

38.Ancient Roman, Chinese and German societies often used urine as mouthwash.

39.The average person who stops smoking requires one hour less sleep a night.

40.The Mona Lisa has no eyebrows. In the Renaissance era, it was fashion to shave them off!

41.Because of the speed at which Earth moves around the Sun, it is impossible for a solar eclipse to last more than 7 minutes and 58 seconds.

42.The night of January 20 is "Saint Agnes's Eve," which is regarded as a time when a young woman dreams of her future husband.

43.There are over 25 million bubbles waiting to burst out of each bottle of Champagne

44.Google is actually the common name for a number with a million zeros

45.It takes glass one million years to decompose, which means it never wears out and can be recycled an infinite amount of times!

46.The "heat" of peppers is rated on the Scoville scale

47.Gold is the only metal that doesn't rust, even if it's buried in the ground for thousands of years

48.Your tongue is the only muscle in your body that is attached at only one end

49.If you stop getting thirsty, you need to drink more water. For when a human body is dehydrated, its thirst mechanism shuts off.

50.Each year 2,000,000 smokers either quit smoking or die of tobacco-related diseases.

51.When it originally appeared in 1886 - Coca Cola was billed as an Esteemed Brain Tonic and Intellectual Beverage.

52.Zero is the only number that cannot be represented by Roman numerals

53.Kites were used in the American Civil War to deliver letters and newspapers.

54.The song, "Auld Lang Syne" is sung at the stroke of midnight in almost every English-speaking country in the world to bring in the new year.

55.For every real Christmas tree harvested, two to three seedlings are planted in its place.

56.Drinking water after eating reduces the acid in your mouth by 61 percent

57.Peanut oil is used for cooking in submarines because it doesn't smoke unless it's heated above 450°F

58.The Shell Oil Company originally began as a novelty shop in London that sold seashells

59.The roar that we hear when we place a seashell next to our ear is not the ocean, but rather the sound of blood surging through the veins in the ear.

60.Nine out of every 10 living things live in the ocean

61.The banana cannot reproduce itself. It can be propagated only by the hand of man

62.Airports at higher altitudes require a longer airstrip due to lower air density

63.Fish and Chip selling officially remained an offensive trade until 1940 due to the smell it produces

64.The University of Alaska spans four time zones

65.The tooth is the only part of the human body that cannot heal itself.

66.In ancient Greece, tossing an apple to a girl was a traditional proposal of marriage. Catching it meant she accepted.

67.Do you know the names of the three wise monkeys? They are: Mizaru(See no evil), Mikazaru(Hear no evil), and Mazaru(Speak no evil).

68.Warner Comm. paid $28 million for the copyright to the song 'Happy Birthday'

69.Intelligent people have more zinc and copper in their hair.

70.A comet's tail always points away from the sun

71.The "Swine flu" vaccine in 1976 caused more death and illness than the disease it was intended to prevent

72.Caffeine increases the power of aspirin and other painkillers, that is why it is found in some medicines.

73.The military salute is a motion that evolved from medieval times, when knights in armor raised their visors to reveal their identity.

74.If you get into the bottom of a well or a tall chimney and look up, you can see stars, even in the middle of the day.

75.When a person dies, hearing is the last sense to go. The first sense lost is sight

76.Trivia is the Roman goddess of sorcery, hounds and... the crossroads

77.In ancient times strangers shook hands to show that they were unarmed

78.Strawberries are the only fruits whose seeds grow on the outside

79.Avocados have the highest calories of any fruit at 167 calories per hundred grams

80.It cost the soft drink industry $100 million a year for thefts committed involving vending machines

81.The moon moves about two inches away from the Earth each year

82.The Earth gets 100 tons heavier every day due to falling space dust

83.Due to earth's gravity it is impossible for mountains to be higher than 15,000 meters

84.Men's shirts have the buttons on the right, but women's shirts have the buttons on the left

85.Mickey Mouse is known as "Topolino" in Italy

86.Soldiers do not march in step when going across bridges because they could set up a vibration which could be sufficient to knock the bridge down

87.The painting that won second place in a competition held by the US National Academy of Design was hanging upside down when it was judged

88.Everything weighs one percent less at the equator

89.For every extra kilogram carried on a space flight, 530 kg of excess fuel are needed at lift-off

90.The letter J does not appear anywhere on the periodic table of the elements

100.Snake venom is ninety percent protein

101.Mercury is the only metal that is liquid at room temperature

102.Pizza Hut is the world's largest pizza restaurant serving close to 1.7 million pizzas a day

103.Beer foam will go down by licking your finger then sticking it in the beer

104.Those stars and colors you see when you rub your eyes are called phosphenes

105.A full-moon is nine times brighter than a half-moon

106.If all of the blood vessels in your body were placed end to end, they would stretch 12,000 miles

107.If you were to roll a lung from a human body and out flat it would be the size of a tennis court

108.Everyone's tongue print is different, like fingerprints

109.Two-thirds of the people in the world have not made a phone call

110.Contrary to popular belief, a swallowed chewing gum doesn't stay in the gut. It will pass through the system and be excreted

111.The microwave was invented after a researcher walked by a radar tube and a chocolate bar melted in his pocket

112.The Nobel Peace Prize medal depicts 3 naked men with their hands on each others shoulders

113.Earth is traveling through space at 660,000 miles per hour

114.In 1643, the British Parliament officially abolished the celebration of Christmas

115.Santa's Reindeers are Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner and Blitzen

116.In 1875 the director of the US patent office resigned. He said that there was nothing left to invent

117.The Channel between England and France grows about 300 millimeters each year

118.The average person's field of vision encompasses a 200-degree wide angle

119.Offered a new pen to write with, 97% of all people will write their own name

120.On average, a person has two million sweat glands

121.Grapes explode when you put them in the microwave.

122.Wearing headphones for just an hour will increase the bacteria in your ear by 700 times.

123.Your tongue is germ free only if it is pink. If it is white there is a thin film of bacteria on it.

124.The attachment of the human skin to muscles is what causes dimples

125.97% of the earth's water is undrinkable

126.The Earth gets heavier each day by tons, as meteoric dust settles on it

127.All babies are color blind when they are born

128.Babies' eyes do not produce tears until the baby is approximately six to eight weeks old

129. 14 million people were killed in World War I, 20 million died in flu epidemic in the years that followed

130.There are more than 40,000 characters in the Chinese script

131.Vision requires more brain power than the other four senses

132.On average, men are 40% muscle and 15% fat; women are 23% muscle and 25% fat

133.There are no public toilets in Peru

134.Urine and tears have the same basic ingredients

135.The reason honey is so easy to digest is that it's already been digested by a bee.

136.Every time you sneeze some of your brain cells die.

137.Historically, a blue ribbon has been awarded for first prize

138.The motto of M-G-M movie studios is Art for Art's Sake

139.The lion that roars in the MGM logo is named "Volney"

140.It takes about 20 seconds for a red blood cell to circle the whole body

141.It's been proven that people can lessen reactions to allergies by laughing.

142.The Mercedes-Benz motto is 'Das Beste oder Nichts' meaning 'the best or nothing'.

143.The color blue has a calming effect. It causes the brain to release calming hormones.

144.There are more Rolls Royce cars in Hong Kong than anywhere else in the world

145.X-ray technology has shown there are 3 different versions of the Mona Lisa under the visible one

146.The pupil of the eye expands as much as 45 percent when a person looks at something pleasing.

147.It takes only about 8 minutes for the Space Shuttle to accelerate to a speed of more than 27,359 km/hour

148.Hydroponics is the technique by which plants are grown in water without soil

149.Time magazine named the computer its "Man of the Year" in 1982

150.Chewing on gum while cutting onions can help a person from producing tears

151.Your left lung is smaller in size than your right lung, it is like that in order to make room for your heart.

152.Until babies are six months old, they can breathe and swallow at the same time

153.Male human brains are about 10 percent heavier than female brains

154.Before 1800 there were no separately designed shoes for right and left feet

155.The glossy look to lipstick comes from fish scales, which are iridescent

156.To find out if a watermelon is ripe, knock it, and if it sounds hollow then it is ripe

157.Honey is used as a center for golf balls and in antifreeze mixtures

158.The original name for the butterfly was 'flutterby'

159.Your body weight is lower at 9 A.M. than at any other time of the day

160.The average person is about a quarter of an inch taller at night

161. 40% of McDonald's profits come from the sales of Happy Meals

162.Without any greenhouse effect, Earth would be cold and lifeless with an average temp of 0.4ºF

163.The primary purpose of growing rice in flooded paddies is to drown the weeds surrounding the young seedlings. Rice can, in fact, be grown in drained areas

164.Not a single new livestock animal has been domesticated in the last 4,000 years

165.Bone China is so called because powdered animal bone is mixed with the clay to give it translucency and whiteness

166.The original reason for tablecloths was as a towel to wipe one's fingers and hands on after eating

167.Mount Everest moves approximately 2.4 inches (10 cm) in a Northeasterly direction every year

168.Mickey Mouse has four fingers on each hand

169.The bark of a redwood tree is fireproof. Fires that occur in a redwood forest take place inside the trees

170.The storage capacity of human brain exceeds four Terra bytes

171.There are an average of 178 sesame seeds on a McDonald's Big Mac bun

172.Because of the rotation of the earth, an object can be thrown farther if it is thrown west

173.In 2001, the five most valuable brand names in order were Coca-Cola, Microsoft, IBM, GE, and Nokia

174.After the "Popeye" comic strip started in 1931, spinach consumption went up by 33 percent in the US

175.A rainbow can only occur when the sun is 40 degrees or less above the horizon

176.At 40° Centigrade a person loses about 14.4 calories per hour by breathing

177.Most gemstones contain several elements. Except the diamond it's all carbon

178.Onions help reduce cholesterol if eaten after a fatty meal

179.It has been calculated that in the last 3,500 years, there have only been 230 years of peace throughout the civilized world

180.Feb 1865 and Feb 1999 are the only months in recorded history not to have a full moon

181.The citrus soda 7-UP was created in 1929; "7" was selected because the original containers were 7 ounces. "UP" indicated the direction of the bubbles

182.The "crack" from a whip is actually the tip of the whip traveling faster than the speed of sound, emitting a small sonic boom

183.If the information contained in the DNA could be written down, it would fill a 1000 volume encyclopedia

184.It would take 13 years and eight months to stay one night in every room at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas

185.Brain damage occurs at an internal temperature of 105 degrees Fahrenheit

186.The sound you hear when you crack your knuckles is actually the sound of nitrogen gas bubbles bursting

187.If you gave each human on earth an equal portion of dry land, (including the uninhabitable areas) everyone would get roughly 100sqft

188.Just twenty seconds worth of fuel remained when Apollo 11's lunar module landed on the moon

189.There are more than 1,000 chemicals in a cup of coffee

190.Pearls melt in vinegar

191.There is about 200 times more gold in the worlds oceans, than has been mined in our entire history

192.Human hair and finger nails continue to grow after death

193.Windmills always turn counter-clockwise. Except for the windmills in Ireland

194.Eighteen per cent of all global carbon dioxide emissions are from cars

195.Onions get their distinctive smell by soaking up sulfur from the soil

196.Mango is the number one selling fruit in the World. India is the biggest producer of mangoes in the World

197.The only part of the body that has no blood supply is the cornea in the eye. It takes in oxygen directly from the air

198.No nation has ever won the Miss Universe, Miss World, and Miss International Pageant in the same year?

199.About 85% of the plant life on earth is in the oceans

200.In most watch advertisements the time displayed on the watch is 10:10 because then the arms frame the brand of the watch and make it look like it's smiling

201.If a person counted at the rate of 100 numbers a minute and kept counting for 8 hrs a day, 5 days a week, it would take a little over 4 weeks to count to one million and just over 80 years to reach a billion

202.An average person perspires a gut-wrenching 278 gallons of sweat each year

203.Because metal was scarce, the Oscars given out during World War II were made out of wood

204.A banana is about 75% water. They grow on a rhizome, not a tree. You are more likely to be a target for mosquitoes if you consume bananas.

205. You know our bones aren't white, they range from being to light brown. Bones in museums are white because they're boiled.

206. Did you know, Pigs are 4th most intelligent animals in the world.

207. Did you know, humans use an average of 43 muscles to frown, whereas to smile, only 17 do the trick


Abou Hypotension:

What Is Hypotension?

Hypotension (HI-po-ten-shun) is unusually low blood pressure (BP). Blood pressure (BP) is the strength of blood push in opposition to the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps out blood.

Blood pressure is measured as “systolic” (sis-tol-ik) pressures and diastolic (di-a-stol-ik) pressures. "Systolic" refers to the blood pressure while the heart pumping blood when the heart beats. "Diastolic" refers to blood pressure while the heart is at relaxed between beats.

You mainly often will watch blood pressure figures written with the systolic number above or before the diastolic figure, such as 120/80 mmHg. (The mmHg is millimeters of mercury, the units is measure blood pressure.)
Normal blood pressure in adults (person) is lower than 120/80 mmHg. Hypotension is blood pressure that is lower than 90/60 mmHg.


Blood pressure doesn't keep on the equal all the time. It lowers as you be asleep and rises when you get up up. Blood pressure also rises when you are active, excited, or nervous.

Your body is extremely sensitive to modify in blood pressure. For ex:- When you stand up quickly your blood pressure might drop for a small time. Your body adjusts your blood pressure to make sure enough blood and oxygen are flowing in to your kidneys, brain and also other vital organs.

Most of hypotension happens because your body can't bring blood pressure back to standard or can't do it fast.

A few people having low blood pressure (Hypotension) all the time. They contain no signs or symptoms, and their low blood pressure (Hypotension) is normal for them.

In another people, certain circumstances or factors reason abnormally low blood pressure (Hypotension). As a result, less blood and oxygen flow to the body's organs.

Hypotension is a medical concern only if it causes signs or symptoms or is connected to a serious circumstance, such as heart disease. Signs and symptoms of hypotension may include fainting, dizziness, sweaty skin and cold, fatigue (tiredness), blurred vision, or nausea (feeling sick to your stomach).

Hypotension is the opposed of hypertension, which is high blood pressure. It is the best understood as a physiological state, rather than a disease. It is often connected with shock, though not necessarily indicative of it.

Hypotension Definition:

 Low blood pressure (hypotension) would seem to be somewhat to strive for. Though, for a lot of public, low blood pressure (Hypotension) can cause symptoms of fainting and dizziness. In some cases, low blood pressure (Hypotension) can be life-threatening.

even though blood pressure differ from person to person, a blood pressure reading of 90 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or less systolic blood pressure (the top figure in a blood pressure reading) or 60 mm Hg or less diastolic blood pressure (the bottom figure) is normally considered low blood pressure (Hypotension).

The causes of low blood pressure (Hypotension) could range from dehydration to serious medical or surgical disorders. Low blood pressure (Hypotension) is treatable, but it's important to find out what are the causes for your condition so it could be properly treated.


About Neutrophils:

Neutrophils is also called as Neutrophil granulocytes. Neutrophils are the mainly abundant 40% to 75% of white blood cells (WBC) in mammals and form a necessary part of the innate immune system. Neutrophils are formed from stem cells in the bone marrow. Neutrophils are short-lived and highly motile. Neutrophils can be separated into banded neutrophils and segmented neutrophils. Neutrophils form part of the polymorphonuclear cell family (PMNs) jointly with eosinophils and basophils.

The word neutrophil obtains from staining characteristics on Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) histological or cytological preparations. While eosinophilic white blood cells (WBC) stain bright red and basophilic white blood cells (WBC) stain dark blue, neutrophils stain a neutral pink. usually, neutrophils have a nucleus divided into 2 to 5 lobes.

Neutrophils are a type of phagocyte and are usually found in bloodstream. In the beginning (acute) stage of inflammation, particularly as an outcome of bacterial infection, environmental exposure, and also some type of cancers, neutrophils are one of the first responders of inflammatory cells to move around towards the site of inflammation. Neutrophils migrate in the blood vessels, after that throughout interstitial tissue, following chemical signals such as C5a , Interleukin-8 (IL-8), Leukotriene B4 and fMLP in a process called chemotaxis. They are predominant cells in pus, secretarial for its white/yellow appearance.

Neutrophils are recruited to the wound in minutes following trauma, and hallmark of acute inflammation.

Neutrophils Definition:

Neutropenia (noo-troe-pee-nee-uh) is an unusually low count of neutrophils, a kind of white blood cells (WBC) that helps fight with infections, particularly caused by fungus and bacteria.

The threshold for defining neutropenia differs a little from one doctor to another. Neutropenia in adults is generally defined as a count up of 1,700 or less neutrophils per micro liter of blood. The cell count representing neutropenia in children differ with age.

The lesser neutrophil count, the extra vulnerable are to infection of diseases. If we contain severe neutropenia less than about 500 cells per micro liter of blood, bacteria generally present in our mouth and digestive tract may cause infections.

In other words Neutrophils means:

Neutrophils are the general type of white blood cell (WBC), comprising on about 50-70% of all white blood cells (WBC). They are phagocytic, meaning that they be able to ingest another cells, although they don’t survive the act. Neutrophils are the primary immune cells to reach at the infection, throughout a procedure known as chemotaxis.

Neutrophils have short life, with a half life of 4 to 10 hours when not turn on and immediate death upon ingesting a pathogen, Neutrophils are abundant and in charge for the bulk of an immune response. Neutrophils are the main component of pus and in charge for its whitish color. Neutrophils are present in the blood stream awaiting signaled to infection by chemical cues in the body. Neutrophils are fast in acting, incoming at the place of infection in an hour.

Sooner than ingesting invasive bacteria, neutrophils could release a net of fibers is called Neutrophil Extracellular Trap (NET), which provide to trap and destroy microbes outside of the cell. While neutrophils ingest microbes, neutrophils release a number of proteins into primary, secondary, and tertiary granules that destroy the bacteria. Neutrophils as well release superoxide, which becomes changed into hypochlorous acid, which is theorized toward a part in, destroy microbes as well.



Self help is the best help